Efimov O.N., Tupikov O.A. Interests of Insurance Business and Agricultural Producers: Metamorphoses of Agricultural Insurance with State Support

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2015.4.25

Oleg Nikolaevich Efimov
Candidate of Philosophical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Finance and Credit,
Bashkir State Agrarian University
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50-letiya Oktyabrya St., 34, 450001 Ufa, Russian Federation
Oleg Aleksandrovich Tupikov
Student, Department of Finance and Credit,
Bashkir State Agrarian University
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50-letiya Oktyabrya St., 34, 450001 Ufa, Russian Federation


Abstract. The paper studies the basic aspects of the system of agricultural insurance with state support in the Russian Federation at the present stage. The relevance of the study is related to the presence of enduring problem that lies in the fact that, despite some efforts by the State of legislative, organizational and economic measures, insurance of agricultural risks in Russia does not give the desired effect. The authors provide clear arguments about the necessity of state support for agriculture, particularly insurance, analyze the volume of subsidized funds from the federal budget for the payment of premiums to insurance companies. The article contains the analysis of the amount of insurance premiums for agricultural insurance in the world and the proportion of premiums collected by Russian agro-stakeholders. The nonoptimality of structure types of agricultural insurance with state support is indicated. The authors describe the main problems and disadvantages of the existing system of agricultural insurance with state support (lack of awareness, a small number of insurance products, high rates of insurance rates, etc.), as well as some of the contradictions of the current legislation (the “double subsidies”). As a good example, a model of agricultural insurance in the United States is shown. The reasoned conclusions are made about the imperfection of the current legislation in the area of agricultural insurance, which largely meets the interests of the insurer, not of the insured. It was noted that agricultural insurance with state support in the Russian Federation is insignificant in scale of agricultural areas and in the country as a whole. The authors also make contradictory conclusions on the development of agricultural insurance market in Russia, mainly related to the fact that the system of agricultural insurance in the Russian Federation is only in its infancy.
Key words: agroindustrial complex, subsidies, agricultural insurance system, agricultural producers, loss, crops.

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