Kalinina A.E., Barakova A.S. ANALYSIS OF THE WORLD EXPERIENCE IN DOMESTIC WASTE MANAGEMENT

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2018.3.12

Alla E. Kalinina

Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Department of Applied Informatics and Mathematical Methods in Economics, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

Anna S. Barakova

Student, Institute of Economics and Finance, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .


Abstract. Comparative analysis of the world’s best practices in the management of solid domestic waste has shown that in the EU and the US a careful sorting of the waste and extracting a useful component, which is later introduced into production cycles, has been carried out for quite a long time. The authors note that in European countries the greatest amount of waste comes from industry and in particular from mining and construction. The EU is implementing a number of projects in the field of waste processing and recycling, which have begun to increase the use of aluminum waste, processing of which leads to the production of high-quality alloys. In Russia, the secondary use of aluminum is extremely poorly developed, and most of the waste that is processed in the EU is to be disposed of in Russia. Taking into account the energy resources necessary for the production of metal from primary raw materials, the prospects for the development of the processing industry become evident. It has also been revealed that Russian energy-related manufacturing enterprises do not implement recycling technology, which is so widely used in Europe and the US, i.e. the resulting waste after treatment is put back into production and additional sources of energy are obtained at the outlet, which could be useful in various branches of the economy. The proposed prospects for the effective organization of industrial waste processing are the expansion of the raw material base and the increase in the level of recycling, through the involvement of waste in production cycles.

Key words: ecology, solid domestic wastes, waste treatment, recycling, environment.

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