Gunkova A.G., Kholopov Yu.A. IMPROVING THE ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC INDICES OF THE COMPANY ON THE BASIS OF THE BEST AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2017.3.22

Anna G. Gunkova

Postgraduate Student, Samara State Transport University, Svobody St., 2V, 443066 Samara, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

Yuriy A. Kholopov

Candidate of Sciences (Agriculture), Associate Professor, Department of Construction, Samara State Transport University, Svobody St., 2V, 443066 Samara, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .


 

Abstract. It is shown that the modern society pays much attention to the issue of environmental security. On the basis of literary sources it is noted that there is a trend to strengthening the role of environmentally oriented management methods, guidelines for the modernization of production, implementation of environmental management systems and environmental certification. Environmental certification helps the company to properly allocate resources for environmental protection and provides the state with the accurate data and the receipt of payments in budgets of all levels for negative impact on the environment. The structural changes are based on the requirements of the environmental legislation, new requirements to ecological regulation. The authors confirm the need for transition to the Best available techniques (BAT), which significantly improve environmental and economic performance of the enterprise. Implementation of BAT requires the effective replacement of obsolete resource-intensive production and modern technology. Such transitions affect the size of payments for negative impact on the environment and the volume of economic incentives from the state. It is noted that Russia applies the European experience as a basis of creating guidebooks on the best available techniques. The definition of technology as the best available techniques is determined by the resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation. Indicators and information generated in the BREF are also required in carrying out the environmental monitoring and control. Changes in these indicators reflect the quality of the technology used. Implementation of BAT requires significant investments, the priority should be conservation projects that eliminate the most acute environmental problems and maximize environmental benefits. The increased interest of enterprises in the application of environmental technologies is not only based on obtaining favorable conditions for state support, but are also aimed at improving the company’s image, increasing economic capacity and competitiveness.

Key words: the best available techniques, environment-oriented legislation, negative impact, ecological security, environmental policy, green economy, environmental management, environmental monitoring, catalogs of the best available techniques.

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