Inshakov O.V., Inshakova E.I. TECHNOLOGICAL PLATFORMS IN RUSSIAN NANOINDUSTRY: PROPLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2017.3.1

Oleg V. Inshakov

Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Director of Scientific Research Institute of Social and Economic Development of the Region at Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

Elena I. Inshakova

Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Department of Economic Theory, World and Regional Economy, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .


 

Abstract. The article discloses the economic content of technological platform (TP) as a system of transactional relations of its participants, which provides the most beneficial interactions on the basis of a common goal and unity of interests. TP can generate clusters corresponding to its profile, based on common basic technologies. Reduction of the meaning of TPs and clusters to the notion of an “instrument” of economic policy hinders the disclosure of their economic content, which becomes a relevant theoretical problem and a barrier to the effective use of TPs in nanoindustry. Creation of nanotechnology platforms didn’t become an independent direction, however, RUSNANO became the coordinator and participant of 6 TPs. With RUSNANO participation 6 innovative clusters have been created, and 5 more within 10 years. Further development of Russian nanoindustry cannot be related only to clustering at macrolevel, but involves horizontal integration of nanotechnologies into various country’s specific TPs and vertical integration into TPs and clusters at the EAEU (Eurasian Economic Union) scale. Nanotechnology projects financing in Eurasian TPs is attributed to the most complicated problems of their functioning, taking into account the insufficient rates of integration in the EAEU. The article argues the feasibility of financing Eurasian nanoindustry TPs on the basis of public-private partnership mechanism and the need to shift from its budgetary part to extra-budgetary as the “life cycle” of the TP develops, and its institutional and organizational maturity is increased. This will allow Russian and Eurasian TPs to realize their significant potential of resourcing the domestic nanoindustry development.

Key words: technological platform, nanotechnology cluster, transactional relations, nanoindustry resourcing, nanotechnology product market, economic and technological sanctions, EAEU, innovative development.

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