Dushkova D.O., Kirillov S.N. ECOLOGICAL CONSCIOUSNESS AS ONE OF THE MAIN PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGICAL POLICY

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2017.2.15

Dushkova Diana O. 

Candidate of Sciences (Geography), Researcher, Department of Rational Nature Management, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .

Kirillov Sergey N. 

Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor, Department of Rational Nature Management, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 1, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. .


Abstract. The article presents the concept of ecological consciousness and analyzes main features of its development and implementation in the environmental policy in European practice on the example of Germany. The study of German experience is conditioned by the fact that among the other developed countries of the world Germany is the leading country in its active work carried out at all levels of the environmental policy. It is shown that actions aimed at the development of ecological culture and environmental education of the civil society in Germany are of the same priority as the use of renewable energy, development of green technologies, etc. The article provides an overview of the most important publications devoted to the phenomenon of ecological consciousness and highlights different approaches to this definition. Based on the German experience, it defines the prerequisites, main roots and sources of ecological consciousness creation and the ways in which it can be involved in the regional programs on sustainable development and ecological policy. It analyzes the main practical approaches to the implementation of the principles of ecological consciousness in Germany as well as the role of environmental organizations in the realization of environmentally oriented activities. Therefore, it presents the main results of socio-ecological surveys conducted in Germany and Russia and gives their comparative analysis. It indicates possible ways to transfer the German experience in the Russian context to improve the ecological awareness of the Russian society and to arise its ecological activity in addressing environmental issues.

Key words: ecological consciousness, human well-being, ecological policy, Germany, Russia.

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