Kappusheva A.R. Problems of Development of Human Capital in the Regions of North Caucasian Federal District

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2016.1.8

Aminat Ruslanovna Kappusheva
Postgraduate Student, Department of Economics, Finance and Management,
Pyatigorsk State Linguistic University
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Prosp. Kalinina, 9, 357532 Pyatigorsk, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article specifies types of investments in human capital: spending on education, health and mobility. The author highlights the key actors invest in human capital development: the state, the corporate sector, households; emphasizes the low activity of the corporate sector and households in the process of investing in human capital. During the analysis of the problems of development of the human capital of the North Caucasian Federal District the author highlighted the interdependence of development of the productive sector of the economy and human capital: the low level of industrialization determines the gap in terms of gross regional product, high unemployment and low incomes, lack of investment in human capital of households. The article also deals with the problems of health and education in the North Caucasian Federal District: the shortage of qualified personnel, insufficient capacity of institutions. The analysis of the structure of regional budget expenditures on human capital development are pointed out. They include the spheres of health, education and culture. There is a direct and close relationship between the amount of budget spending on health, education, culture and the level of development of human capital in the country and the region. In the regions of the North Caucasian Federal District the lower level of educated population engaged in the sphere of economics was revealed. Particular attention is paid to analysis of the quality of human capital state and municipal employees of the North Caucasian Federal District, whose activities in the conditions of underdevelopment of large business, significantly affects the prospects for regional economic growth. The necessity of developing and implementing regional policies to promote health, education and culture, determines the quality of human capital in the economy.
Key words: region, human capital, education, health care, budget costs, staff of state and municipal administration.

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Problems of Development of Human Capital in the Regions of North Caucasian Federal District by Kappusheva A.R. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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