Molchanov I.N. Problems of Formation and Funding of Tourist Clusters in the Regions of Russia

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2016.1.5

Igor Nikolaevich Molchanov
Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Department of Political Economy,
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Leninskie Gory, 1, bld. 46/324, 119991 Moscow, Russian Federation;
Professor, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Prosp. Leningradskiy, 49, 125993 Moscow, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article deals with the urgent issues of the formation of clusters of tourism in the national economy of Russia. The attention is drawn to the need to develop domestic tourism at the regional level of governance in a rapidly changing geopolitical situation. The importance of tourism as one of the important areas of economic activity, affecting the pace of economic growth in the service industries is described. The advantages of the regional tourism clusters as a means of promoting the growth of productivity, efficiency and competitiveness of business entities of the tourism sector of the regional economy are revealed. The distinctive characteristics of regional tourism clusters are systematized; the definitions of tourist potential are structured; the cultural and historical heritage and tourist infrastructure are described. The author gives definition of the regional tourism cluster and explains its difference from the other definitions. The factors affecting the change in the situation in the sphere of tourism in Russia are described. The organizational prerequisites aimed at ensuring a coordinated interaction of all participants in the cluster and the establishment of the possible vectors of the coordinated development of economic and financial activity are formulated. There exist the possibility of organizational and economic measures aimed at development of the tourism sector of the regional economy. The potential sources of funding organizations participating in the cluster structures are investigated. The Russian experience in financing innovation clusters is described. The recommendations to improve the financial base of the emerging regional tourism clusters through the maximum use of budgetary and extra-budgetary resources are formulated. The use of public-private partnership is necessary. The attention is focused on the issues of financial security training, including specialists for newly established and functioning regional tourism clusters. The conclusions about the impact of the formation of clusters on the dynamics and the results of socio-economic development are made.

Key words: cluster, region, investments, tourism, economic growth, service sector, financing.

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Problems of Formation and Funding of Tourist Clusters in the Regions of Russia by Molchanov I.N. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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