Vishnyakov N.V., Kanishchev S.N., Solodovnikov D.A. Present Condition, Hydrological Characteristics and Ways of Optimizing the Use of Water Objects of the Basin of the Bolshaya Golubaya River

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2015.4.27

Nikolay Vladimirovich Vishnyakov
Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Cartography,
Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
Sergey Nikolaevich Kanishchev
Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Geography and Cartography,
Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
Denis Anatolyevich Solodovnikov
Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor,
Department of Geography and Cartography,
Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The article demonstrates the hydrological characteristics of the basin of the Bolshaya Golubaya river and present condition of water objects of this territory. This study includes the results of two major phases. The theoretical one was to explore general and specialized geographical literature on the research area and to analyze a large volume of cartographic material. The practical phase consisted of a series of expeditions in the research area with a number of special studies. The authors analyse the literature data on the hydrology of the region and supplement it with their own field studies. The authors have found out the exact number of water objects in the research area. These include the Bolshaya Golubaya river, springs, ponds. All the discovered water bodies have been thoroughly studied, described and put on maps of the current state of the hydrological objects on this territory. According to the results of the conducted research, the author makes conclusions about the general condition of water bodies of the basin of the Bolshaya Golubaya river. This condition is unsatisfactory due to both climatic changes and processes of irrational nature use. All these processes lead to progressive degradation of water bodies of the basin of the Bolshaya Golubaya river, and, as a consequence, their partial or complete disappearance. In this regard, there is a real danger that this area will become unusable for organization of various forms of traditional and alternative nature management. The author suggests the ways of solving the identified environmental problems based on hydrological characteristics and current state of the region. The results of this research can be used by managers of agricultural and other enterprises at the stage of planning and realization of different projects in this area and also for rationalization of nature management.

Key words: water objects, hydrological characteristics, river, spring, pond, optimization.

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Present Condition, Hydrological Characteristics and Ways of Optimizing the Use of Water Objects of the Basin of the Bolshaya Golubaya River by Vishnyakov N.V., Kanishchev S.N., Solodovnikov D.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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