Zaporotskova I.V. Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials: Scientific, Economic and Political Realia of the New Century

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu3.2015.1.2

Zaporotskova Irina Vladimirovna
Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor,
Director of Institute of Priority Technologies, Volgograd State University
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation


Abstract. The current state and problems of nanotechnology development in the Russian Federation in modern economic, political and scientific conditions are presented. Nanotechnologies and nanomaterials have already been used in all developed countries of the world in the most significant areas of human activity industry, defense, information sphere, radio electronics, energy drinks, transport, biotechnology, medicine. The Government of the Russian Federation formulated the main objectives of scientific and economic community for the development of nanotechnologies in the conditions of the demanded import substitution. In the developed countries the comprehension of the key role of nanotechnologies led to the elaboration of large-scale programs for their development on the basis of state support. Similar programs are adopted more than in thirty countries around the world, including the Russian Federation. The author of the present article studies the current state of nanotech industry in Russia and classifies nanotechnologies according to the intrinsic principle. As a result, four main directions in the field of nanotechnologies are allocated: 1) nanomaterials; 2) photonics, spintronics, nanoelectronics (devices based on the nanoprinciples); 3) nanometrology, nanomanipulators and modeling; 4) nanosensors and nanodetectors. Some perspective scientific and technological projects of nanotech industry development in Russia are also considered. The author points to economic, social, ecological, and scientific and technical opportunities of nanotechnologies development in Russia, as well as their threats.
Key words: nanotechnologies, nanomaterials, import substitution, nanotech industry, technological directions of nanotechnologies.

Creative Commons License
Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials: Scientific, Economic and Political Realia of the New Century by Zaporotskova I.V. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Attachments:
Download this file (2_Zaporotskova.pdf) 2_Zaporotskova.pdf
URL: https://ges.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/803
476 Kb951 Downloads