Dzyuba A.P. GRAPHICAL STUDY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY INDICATORS OF FUELAND ENERGY RESOURCES CONSUMPTION BY COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/ek.jvolsu.2023.3.12

Anatoly P. Dzyuba

Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Senior Researcher, Department of Economics and Finance, Higher School of Economics, South Ural State University (National Research University), Prosp. Lenina, 76, 454080 Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8670-0304


Abstract. The article is devoted to the comparative study of the energy characteristics of countries around the world, which is based on the construction of graphic maps of energy characteristics. The article presents the author’s maps of the energy intensity and electrical capacity of GDP by PPP of the countries of the world, the energy intensity and electrical capacity of per capita GDP by PPP of the countries of the world, a map of per capita energy consumption and electricity consumption in various countries of the world, and a map of the characteristics of CO2 emissions in various countries of the world, with the distribution of characteristics along the axes of GDP per capita and per capita electricity consumption. The materials analyze the results of the constructed maps and draw appropriate conclusions. Based on the maps of the energy intensity and electrical intensity of GDP by PPP of the countries of the world, conclusions are drawn about the high differences in the level of energy efficiency of the economies of different countries of the world, both in terms of total consumption of fuel and energy resources and electric energy, in particular. The constructed map of the energy intensity and electrical intensity of per capita GDP by PPP in various countries of the world makes it possible to group countries by indicators of energy efficiency of electricity consumption, taking into account the scale of economic development per capita. The identified country groups make it possible to carry out a subsequent analysis of the energy and economic characteristics of individual countries, to identify common features, and to develop principles, mechanisms, and methods of managing the economy and energy facilities of countries, taking into account the identified features. The map of per capita energy consumption and electricity consumption in various countries of the world presented in the materials made it possible to clearly identify that the indicators of per capita energy consumption and electricity consumption of the countries of the world are proportional. The article presents a map of the characteristics of CO2 emissions from different countries of the world, reflecting the distribution of countries relative to each other in terms of relative CO2 emissions, which allows us to clearly identify a significant difference in carbon dioxide emissions, which indicates a difference in the characteristics of the efficiency of consumption of fuel and energy resources. The results obtained make it possible to perform a subsequent grouping of countries with the identification of common features as well as the development of differentiated directions of energy policy aimed at effective economic development.

Key words: fuel and energy complex, energy resources, energy consumption, structure of energy consumption, energy consumption of countries, energy statistics.

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GRAPHICAL STUDY OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY INDICATORS OF FUELAND ENERGY RESOURCES CONSUMPTION BY COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD by Dzyuba A.P. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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