Averina I.S. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND TECHNOLOGICAL PATTERN: ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS, SIMILARITIES AND DISTINCTIVE FEATURES

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15688/ek.jvolsu.2021.1.4

Irina S. Averina

Candidate of Sciences (Economics), Associate Professor, Department of Economic Theory, World and Regional Economics, Volgograd State University, Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1100-3421


Abstract. The article analyzes the evolution of the phenomena “technological order” and “industrial revolution”, which made it possible to form the author’s model for the phenomena under study. As a result of considering these characteristics of the designated economic indicators, groups of features were formulated that characterize the concepts from the point of view of identity, as well as groups of features indicating their main distinctive and specific characteristics. The study of the origin of these terms also influenced the possibility of defining these phenomena from the standpoint of the dynamic nature (origin, formation, development, transformation, adaptation) of each of the components within their stage-by-stage development. The indicated evolutionary character can be traced within the framework of the change of each of the technological orders (the first (1785– 1835), second (1830–1890), third (1880–1940), fourth (1930–1990), fifth (1985–2035), sixth (2010–2060)) and industrial revolutions (First (18th – 19th centuries), Second (second half of the 19th century – early 20th century), Third (1960 – the first decade of the 20th century, Fourth (2011 – up to the present time), which predetermines the differential development of national economic systems as a whole.

Key words: industrial revolution, industrial revolution 4.0, technological pattern, scientific and technological progress, economic system, smart technologies, technical and economic development.

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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND TECHNOLOGICAL PATTERN: ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS, SIMILARITIES AND DISTINCTIVE FEATURES by Averina I.S. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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